2018 Angewandte Chemie

Extra‐Large Mechanical Anisotropy of a Hydrogel with Maximized Electrostatic Repulsion between Cofacially Aligned 2D Electrolytes


Koki Sano Yuka Onuma Arazoe Dr. Yasuhiro Ishida Dr. Yasuo Ebina Prof. Dr. Minoru Osada Prof. Dr. Takayoshi Sasaki Dr. Takaaki Hikima Prof. Dr. Takuzo Aida

First published:02 August 2018



 In our previous work, we have shown that "electrostatic forces", when generated anisotropically in aqueous media by 2D electrolytes upon cofacial orientation, enable the formation of a hydrogel with an anisotropic parameter, as defined by the ratio of elastic moduli, of 3. Herein, we successfully developed the design strategy for a hydrogel with an anisotropic parameter of no less than 85. This value is not only 28 times greater than that of our previous anisotropic hydrogel but also 6 times larger than the current champion record in synthetic hydrogels (anisotropic parameter = ~15). Firstly, we simply lowered ionic contaminants in the hydrogel and were able to enhance the anisotropic parameter from 3 to 18. Then, we chose a supporting polymer network allowing the hydrogel to carry a higher interior permittivity. Consequently, the anisotropic parameter was further enhanced from 18 to 85. Owing to the enhanced mechanical anisotropy, our new hydrogel displayed a superb ability of seismic isolation.

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